Dealing With Rising Threat Of Crimes

Prem Khatry

Police reports and chains of investigations in a particular case tend to indicate one thing in special: In Nepal, crimes are on the rise. The professor of law or more particularly criminology could define crime from different perspectives; one can see or study crimes from different angles. A security personnel with an investigation file in hand could see or evaluate the circumstance, individuals concerned and the immediate reason of crime based on its nature and put in different levels. CRIME spelt in capital is something that occurs in society with a motive to break the existing law, harm someone for the sake of harming and creating a vacuum in existing knowledge about taking the society to a better, upper level. There are also ulterior motives behind the crime.

Challenge
But if the crime machine is running fast and so wild all over the nation impacting very simple people struggling for the meagre ‘hand to mouth’ problem of the day, the investigation becomes a challenge. What could be the real motive behind abducting of a minor Nishan Khadka, for example? The only guardian of the day, the mother, was not a hi-income person. She was running a small restaurant that also fed the culprits. There is an obvious ‘class concept’ at work here: get some easy money desperately needed.
It needs a bit of analysis. If the culprit is a seasoned one and works in a team, he has perhaps a list of targets. Investigation on several crime cases has shown this type of crime is a well-coordinated effort often ending in success for them although ultimately the long hands of law have reached them. There have been few exceptions, though. The hi-fi abduction of Dr. Upendra Devkota’s daughter was much-talked news of the town some years ago. The culprits seemed professional to weave the crime and go by without arrest. It was not fully successful as the law reached them at the end. There have been other cases involving business families or/and politicians.
One question is always in the mind of the news readers: the culprits seem smart in the wrong sense of the term. How come they don’t show that capacity in legal, social and business world? The reason is: crime is inbuilt in the human mind and not everybody wants to be normal, regular and someone to be forgotten by society. These minds spend their brain in anti-social activities and crime takes place.
On the other spectrum of the crime are these actions they took in the case of Nishan or now, in the case of Nirmala Pant of Kanchanpur. The families involved are obviously low class in terms of their income and financial status. Yet, the incidents took place and the police has been intrigued not finding the clue to follow the culprits. Nirmala’s was a case of sexual molestations. Few more such incidents have taken place in recent times. These have raised grave concern about our security system.
In the Pant case, the official ‘convict’ Dilip Singh Bista is under serious investigation. Even the court has given permission to the police for further investigation. The court did so as there has been some progress in the case. The bereaved and shocked family and the people of Kanchanpur want this case closed with the criminal behind bars. There have been voices now that just jail is not enough for criminals of this category. Capital punishment has been demanded for sexual molestation and resulting death of the victim, drug sale, girl trafficking and indiscreet shooting causing cold blood death. There have been arguments otherwise on the ground that this is an age of freedom and democracy. But, can we enjoy real freedom if criminals do not spare young children, innocent victims and those who resist their evil desire?
If criminals are enjoying the loose and weak network of our security system, this is time for revamping them from a new perspective. One such perspective is to create a strong anti-crime network at grass-roots level. Instead of accusing the Home Minister on daily basis, a strong, effective and coordinated effort could be handy to curb the crime rate. At this time, there are thousands of local bodies at work. They function there to bring change in society, to protect language, cultures and fight against illiteracy, domestic violence, and social evils.
The Home Ministry can initiate change in the crime scenario by mobilising local youths, students at school and fraternal organisations of the political parties. As citizens of this country, we have our own responsibilities to curb crime, to help the potential target and keep people alert about possible harms against peaceful living and individual freedom. The seed of crime doesn’t come from external sources; it is built in the personality of an individual. This is high time even schools and colleges keep good records of their students assessing the nature of the child showing abnormal instinct. This helps build a crime free society.

Team building
Similarly, local bodies such as CBOs cam help the security agencies build up anti-crime units in more clandestine manner. The ideas is to bind the potential harmful elements in each block, community and groups into the anti-social networks. This is essential to build a better, civilised society that once was. The anti-crime units can function much better in not only curbing the crimes but also completing the investigation. Building a team including a psychoanalyst or psychologists is also worth thinking. Because crime germinates in the mind pressed by social, economic, and psychological condition of the person, the same could also be instrumental to probe into the cases and come to a happy end. Strong police-community relation is a must to get rid of crimes of all hues and dimensions. And, sooner the better.

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